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2015 年12月六级阅读答案解析

2015-12-21 09:34

来源:新东方哈尔滨学校国内考试部

作者:李琳

试题小评:对于本次考试而言,整体难度中等偏上,在定位上难度加大,但仔细分析,都是历年六级阅读中出现过的考点。对于四级顺利通过而六级裸考的同学,想要顺利通过考试的可能性几乎为零。提醒后续参加六级考试的同学们,同时提升能力和技巧,才是过级的王道。

参考答案如下:

卷一

选词填空

(开篇为According to a report from the Harvard School of Public Health, many everyday products,…,could lead to an increased risk of brain and behavioral disorders in children.)

单词词性分类为:

名词   A:advocates 提倡者,支持者;C:correlation相互关系;F:interaction相互作用,合作;E:facilities 设备,设施;I:particles 颗粒,小粒子;

动词   G:investigating 调查,审查;H:overwhelmed 压倒,覆盖;restricted 限制;L:simulating 模仿;N:tighten 收紧,加紧

形容词 B:compact 紧凑的,简洁的;J:permanent 永远的,永久的;M:statistical 统计的,数据的;O:vulnerable易受伤的,敏感的,脆弱的

36.通过空附近结构可判断空内所填词为adj.词性,根据含义,发育中的大脑尤其对于毒性敏感,选择O选项。

37. 通过空附近结构可判断空内所填词为adj.词性,根据含义,这种伤害可能是永久的,选择J选项。

38. 通过空前adj.可判断空内所填词为n.词性,根据句子剩余部分含义劝说政府做某事,可判断动作的发出者为人,选择A选项。

39. 通过空前不定式符号to可判断空内所填词为v.词性,且为原形形式,根据句意减少化学物质的使用,选择N选项。

40. 可判断句子缺少谓语动词,根据2001,可判断填入过去时态动词,根据句意…限制使用… ,选择K选项。

41. 通过空前adj.可判断空内所填词为n.词性,保育的设施,选择E选项。

42. 通过空附近结构可判断空内所填词为V-ing形式,该机构现在正在调查一些化学物质的毒性效果,选择G选项。

43. 通过空附近结构可判断空内所填词为adj.词性,根据句意可靠的,统计过的证据,选择M选项。

44. 通过空前adj.可判断空内所填词为n.词性,根据句意,研究没有证明他们有直接的联系,选择C选项。

45. 通过空前不定式符号to可判断空内所填词为v.词性,根据句意,引起注意是明智的,选择D选项。

匹配题(The impossibility of rapid energy transitions)

C.46.Not only moving objects and people but all systems have momentum.

I.47.Changing the current energy system requires the systematic training of professional and skilled labor.

E.48.Changing a light bulb is easier than changing the fixture housing it.

K.49.Efforts to accelerate the current energy transitions didn’t succeed as expected.

G.50.To change the light source is costly because you have to change the whole fixture.

A.51.Energy systems, like an aircraft carrier set in motion,have huge momentum.

G.52.The problem with lighting,if it arises,oftendoen’t lie in light …

J.53.The biggest obstacle to energy transition is that the present energy …

D.54.The application of a technology can impact areas beyond itself.

B.55.Physical characteristics of moving objects help explain the dynamics of energy systems.

传统阅读

61.B)It has a strong negative impact on space tourism

62.B)It has sent half a dozen passengers into space

63.D)To promote the space tourism industry

64.D)Suspend Virgin Galactic’slicence to take passengers into space

65.A)It is worth promoting despite the risks involved

卷二

匹配题(Climate change may be real,but it’s still not easy being green)

C.46.When people find they are powerless to change a situation…

L.47.To be effective, environmental messages should be carefully framed.

G.48.It is the government’s responsibility to persuade people into making…

P.49.Politicians are beginning to realize the importance of enlisting…

H.50.To find effective solutions to climate change, it is necessary to…

D.51.In their evolution, humans have learned to pay attention…

J.52.One study shows that our neighbours’actions…

B.53.Despite clear signs of global warming, it is not easy…

F.54.We should take our future into consideration…

O.55.Existing social networks can be more effective…

传统阅读

56. A. It is free from racial biases.

57. D. It is politically sensitive.

58. A. Racial biases are widespread in the professional world.

59. C. People’s conception of a person has much to do with the way he or she is labeled.

60. D. All ethnic groups share the nation’s continued progress.

61. B. It fails to prepare students to face the challenges of modern times.

62. A. The diluted college curriculum.

63. D. They prioritize non-academic activities.

64. D. They can climb the social ladder even without a degree.

65. C. The current situation in American higher education may not last long.

卷三

匹配题(First-Generation college-goers:unprepared and behind)

H.46.Many first-generation college-goers have doubts about their abilities to get a college degree.

C.47.First-generation college students tend to have much heavier financial burdens than their peers.

B.48.The graduation rate of first-generation students at Nijay’s university was incredibly low.

N.49.Some top institutions like Yale seem to provide first-generation students with more support than they actually need.

A.50.  On entering college, Nijay Williams had no idea how challenging college education was.

J.51.Many universities simply refuse to release their exact graduation rates for first generation students.

G.52.  According to a marketing executive, many students from low-income families don’t know they could have a chance of going to an elite university.

O.53.Some elite universities attach great importance to building up the first-generation students’ self-confidence.

D.54.  I’m First distributes information to help first-generation college-goers find schools that are most suitable for them.

M.55.  Elite universities distribute information to help first-generation students at a higher rate.

传统阅读

56. C. Take costs into account when making treatment decisions.

57. B. Effects of medicine treatment.

58. A. The redefining of doctors’ roles.

59. D. They may lose the respect of patients.

60. C . It results from society’s failure to tackle the problem.

61. A. It is the biggest obstacle to social mobility.

62. C. It is not correctly interpreted.

63. C. offer poor children more chances to climb the social ladder.

64. A. Family structure.

65. D. It is better to start from the community to help poor children move up the social ladder.


解析教师:李琳,哈尔滨新东方国内考试部教师,主讲四级新题型、六级阅读。文理兼修,理性与感性的完美结合。风格细腻、亲和,充满激情。




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